Creating Lifelong Learners: Inquiry into possible levels of student participation in the learning process
An extrapolation of student types a theory: Though Experiment
Student classification hierarchy
Pupil Unreceptive Learner (Id) Feral Nature
A child under constant supervision or direction of a teacher. Always ask, when is lunch?, do I have to do…..?! Not motivated to learn or rarely Extrinsically motivated to learn. dislikes school, dislikes books, never does homework, Loves TV, video games, and candy!
Student Active and Passive Learner (Ego) Human Nature
A learner under minor supervision or direction of a teacher. Always ask, how many sentences do they have to write?, is this good?! Extrinsically motivated to learn and sometimes Intrinsically motivated! Loves good grades A+, loves books, loves school.
Scholar Dynamic Learner (Super Ego) Enlightened Nature
A learner under own direction and assisted by directions of teacher. Always ask for deeper understanding and meaning. Intrinsically motivated to learn and curious! Loves literature, loves knowledge, loves inquiry!
STUDIES serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best, from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things. Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit: and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know, that he doth not. Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in mores. Nay, there is no stond or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies; like as diseases of the body, may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the Schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study 197 the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind, may have a special receipt.
"reading makes a full man, conversation a ready man, and writing an exact man."
Psycho-taction Educational Therapy transforms pupils or student into erudite scholars!
Tenants of Psycho-taction Educational therapy:
A possible New Field of Study
Grades or extrinsic feedback limited
Intrinsic Feedback Curriculum
Teacher as coach and facilitator
Redeveloping CuriosityCongruent Curriculum
Curiosity/ Inquiry / Mastery / Competency /Intrinsic / Enlightened